Home  :  Product Search  :  Site Map  :  Checkout  :  Track Your Order
Steps To A Clean Pool
Search by Keyword

Search by Keyword



Sort By:
Eight Easy Steps To A Clean Pool

Eight Easy Steps To A Clean Pool

Regular maintenance is essential to keep your pool clean, safe and inviting. This simple step-by-step guide is handy quick reference for maintenance and troubleshooting problems such as cloudy water, algae, staining, scaling or water balance problems.

  1. TEST REGULARLY - Periodic testing is the only reliable way to make sure water is chemically balanced. Use a quality test kit to monitor essentials such as PH, free chlorine, bromine, total alkalinity, calcium hardness and cyanuric acid levels. For accuracy, take a pool water sample about 18 inches below the surface and away from return inlets. Always use a clean container for collecting the sample. Then test promptly for accurate results. Store test solutions (reagents) in a cool dry place away from other chemicals and direct sunlight.

  2. STABILIZE - Stabilizers prevent the loss of chlorine to sunlight and extend its ability to kill bacteria and algae. Test stabilizer levels (also referred to as conditioner or cyanuric acid) several times during the swimming season. Levels should be maintained at a minimum concentration of 30 parts per million (pp,). Also test at the beginning of the season, when the pool is drained and refilled or whenever a proper chlorine residual of 1.0 to 1.5 cannot be maintained in a 24 hour period. If the stabilizer level is low, clean or backwash the filter. Then add pool conditioner at a rate of 1.5 pounds per 6000 gallons of pool water to raise the level 30 ppm. (to determine the water volume of your pool, see the chart on back). One application should last all season.

  3. ADJUST PH - The PH level is the most critical factor in chemical maintenance. It indicates the acid or alkali level of pool water, which effects chlorine (or bromine) bacteria kill. On a PH scale of 0-14, the ideal range is between 7.2-7.6. Lower levels may cause corrosion, skin, and eye irritation, chlorine loss and damage to the pool's finish. Check PH levels daily. Use PH up or PH down to adjust levels according to the charts below

    Too Low
    Too High
    -Skin Discomfort
    -Eye Irritation
    -Loss of Chlorine
    -Satisfactory, but less effective range for Chlorine

    - Ideal Range efficiency Chlorine is at its maximum

    -Chlorine effectiveness decreases
    -Cloudy Water
    -Excessive Chlorine Usage
    -Eye Irritation

  4. CHLORINATE - The amount of chlorine needed to kill bacteria and algae varies with water temperature, wind-blown contamination (dust, etc.) and pool usage. After checking PH to be sure it is in the proper range, test the chlorine residual. It should never drop below 1.0 ppm. This is the minimum level required to control bacteria and algae. Use chlorine in stick, tablet or granular form. Place one Jumbo Tablet or one Stick in the Chlorine Dispenser for every 10,000 gallons of water every one to two weeks.  These may also be applied through automatic feeders according to feeder manufacturer's instructions. Granular chlorine should be broadcast directly over the water at 2 to 3 ounces per 10,000 gallons of water. Note: Never place any chlorine directly into the thru wall skimmer because it will corrode your gaskets/seals inside you filter.

  5. ADJUST TOTAL ALKALINITY - It becomes difficult to control PH levels when the water's alkalinity is above or below 80 to 120 ppm. Test for Total Alkalinity (TA) to determine if adjustments are needed. To lower TA , add PH down. To raise TA, add Total Alkalinity Plus according to the chart below. Always retest PH after adjusting.

    Use Total Alkalinity Plus to raise Total Alkalinity
    You Pool Capacity (gallons)
    To Raise TA - Total Alkalinity
      10 ppm 20 ppm 30 ppm


    12 oz. 1 lb. 8 oz. 2 lb. 4 oz


    1lb. 8 oz. 3 lb. 4 lb. 8 oz.


    3 lb. 6 lb. 9 lb.


    5 lb. 4 oz. 10 lb. 8 oz. 15 lb. 12 oz.


    7 lb. 8 oz. 15 lb. 22 lb. 8 oz.
  6. SUPER CHLORINATE - Contaminates such as suntan lotion, body oils, urine and other nitrogen-bearing particles reduce chlorine effectiveness. These wastes must be eliminated periodically to avoid problems such as cloudy water. A simple process, super chlorination, should be carried out every two week during normal pool usage to clear the water of these unfilterable wastes. During hot or rainy weather or when pool usage increases, super chlorinate more after (weekly). First adjust PH, then add a shock treatment according to label instructions. When the Chlorine level drops to 1.0 to 3.0 ppm swimmers may reenter the pool.

  7. PREVENT ALGAE - To avoid problems with ugly, troublesome algae growth, use an algae preventive treatment according to label directions

  8. KEEP POOL AND FILTER CLEAN - In season, your pool should be thoroughly cleaned on a regular basis. Your cleaning procedure should include the following:
    • Skim pool surface Vacuum pool
    • Hose down deck
    • Brush walls and floor tile
    • Clean out leaf strainer
    • Clean filter
    • Clean out skimmer
    • Check filter pressure
    Chemicals cannot do their job if your filtering system is not operating properly. The filter removes insoluble particles and debris as pool water circulates. Check your pump, filter and circulation system regularly. Chemically clean the filter at least twice a season and follow manufacturer's instructions for backwashing and maintenance.


  1. Maintain a PH level of 7.4-7.6
  2. With the pool filter running add one ENJOY tablet at a time to the skimmer, allow filter to run continuously until the tablet is dissolved, then add the next tablet. The tablets can take several days to dissolve. It is important to run your filter until all traces of the tablets are dissolved. This is done once a month.
  3. Pour one entire bottle of ENJOY ONCE-A-WEEK, evenly dispensed, directly into the pool.
  4. Test pool regularly to maintain a chlorine residual of at least 0.5 ppm at all times. If pool water drops below this level add ENJOY ONCE-A-WEEK. Can be purchased separately at the dealer.

PLAY IT SAFE WITH POOL CHEMICALS DANGER: If improperly handled, pool chemicals can cause eye or skin irritation and are poisonous if swallowed. Always read and follow label directions carefully. Read and observe all cautions and warnings.

To handle pool chemicals safely, remember:

  • Keep all chemicals out of reach of children
  • Never mix chemicals together
  • Always add chemicals to water, not water to chemicals
  • Keep containers closed and store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place. Rinse out empty containers before disposal.
  • Wash hands thoroughly after handling chemicals
  • Familiarize yourself with first aid procedures in case of an accident

Hopefully this guide will help you enjoy your pool more and protect your investment. If problems occur, consult your professional pool dealer for assistance

Copyright © Gary Pools & Leisure Cheektowaga, NY